Health & Safety

MAFF has been notified by The Chlorine Institute that previous information posted may not be accurate.  We encourage our members to read and research.  Any questions, contact The Chlorine Institute at 703-894-4140 

The Chlorine Institute

1300 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 525 Arlington, VA 22209 
Ph: 703-894-4140
www.chlorineinstitute.org

The Facts About "C"-Kits & Secondary Containment­

A Memo to Michigan Firefighters & First Responders

TO: Michigan Firefighters and First Responders

FR: Frank Reiner, President- The Chlorine Institute

RE: The "C"-Kit is The Only Proven Approach to Tank Car Incidents

Firefighters and other first responders deserve the best and most accurate information about the equipment they need to safely and effectively respond to chlorine emergencies involving tank cars and trucks. Working closely with firefighters, railroads and federal regulatory agencies, The Chlorine Institute (CI), has always provided straight information to help ensure the safety of responders and the communities they serve.

A company interested in marketing a secondary containment product, TGO Technologies, Inc., has made statements that question the effectiveness and benefits of the CI "C"- Kit. The following information will help eliminate unnecessary confusion, and Cl includes sources so that all responders can judge the "C"-Kit for themselves.

  1. The "C"-Kit is specifically designed for dealing with leaks in and around pressure relief devices and angle valves, the "fittings" atop standard U.S. Department of Transportation-compliant tank cars and trucks.
  2. "C"-Kits have been used safely and successfully for more than 40 years, with more than5,500 kits in the hands of U.S. and Canadian responders.
  3. The TGO containment product has not received approval for use from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) or the Federal Railroad Administration. Please note PHMSA Administrator Cynthia L. Quarterman's May 6, 2013 letter to Nevada State Senator Moises Denis, which is quoted below. (A pdf of the letter is attached.)
  4. Thank you for your letter dated April 22, 2013. The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) and the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) are aware of the ChlorTanker device, which is a secondary containment top fitting protection product proposed by TGO Technologies, Inc. for rail tank cars transporting chlorine gas.
  5. In response to prior inquiries challenging the safety of the device, both PHMSA and FRA reviewed the ChlorTanker device and concluded that its product design is not approved for use under the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR: 49 CFR Parts 171-180) of the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. We officially informed TGO Technologies of this conclusion last year and also referred TGO Technologies to the official design approval process referenced in our regulations, which requires approval, after review and testing, by the Association of American Railroads Tank Car Committee. To our knowledge, TGO Technologies has not initiated this process. In addition, despite our notification to the contrary, TGO Technologies continues to make public claims that its ChlorTanker design is fully compliant with the HMR, and we continue to receive complaints conveying concerns that TGO Technologies may be making misleading and false claims about the safety of the device.

C-Kit- Rail Tank Cars - Toxic Gas

As a result of a first responders' petition, The Chlorine Institute is now conducting a study comparing The Chlorine Institute "C" Kit to secondary containment.

Chemical companies are now claiming that first responders are always trained:

  1. That it is always imperative to check the internal pressure of the tank car prior to deploying the C-Kit.
  2. On the equipment necessary to conduct a pressure test on the car.
  3. How to conduct a pressure test on the car and what to look for.
  4. How to distinguish between a properly relieving pressure relief device (PRO) and an improperly relieving pressure relief device.
  5. Are warned that capping and disabling the PRO could cause the catastrophic failure of the car.
  6. If the PRO is capped and disabled, regular monitoring of the car's internal pressure must be established.

There are more than 5,000 Chlorine Institute Emergency "C" Kits in the hands of first responders.

Tens of thousands of first responders rely on the instructions contained within The Chlorine Institute Emergency Kit "C" Instruction Booklet for Chlorine Tank Cars and Tank Trucks. The instruction booklet fails to address any of the above claims and provides no such information.

The C-Kit concept requires proper training often of thousands of first responders. The secondary containment concept requires no first response or training.

To post a comment, please go to First Responders' Petition at www.petitionckit.com

First Responder Safety Issues

We have been in contact with Firefighter Unions across the Country to assist us in a very important matter. Our firefighters and other first responders are in serious danger with this new technology involving Electric Vehicle Charging Stations. By 2017, there will be an estimated 1.7 million Charging Stations installed on our City Streets. The Government has set up training for the Electric Vehicle through the NFPA and no plans have been set for the Electric Vehicle Charging Stations.

We have been in contact with multiple agencies and manufacturers across the country and have invited an" agencies to our training program. Please read on to learn more about this important matter. We are the owners of GreenStar Concepts, LLC, a "Certified Contractor" of Electric Vehicle Support Equipment (EVSE); we specialize in Electric Vehicle Charging Stations. Over the past two years, we have invested a substantial amount of time in research of Electric Vehicles and EVSE.

It has truly been exciting to see the enthusiasm of our Citizens, Business Owners, and Government Officials when we talk to them about Electric Cars and their benefits, and answer their questions regarding both Electric Cars and the Electric Vehicle Support Equipment. It is not unusual for us to field questions during our conversations, regarding the safety of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations; we noted that many people were concerned with the safety of this equipment, but because of our involvement and knowledge in this industry, it was easy to respond to their concerns.

We did however take note of a particular question we received from many Business Owners and Consumers regarding the safety of the Electric Vehicle Charging Stations due to their concerns about the high voltage used to power them. Some Business Owners, Local Government Representatives, and Citizens have asked if a Charging Station was hit or run over by a vehicle, would it be safe? Considering plans by the Federal Government to deploy 1.7 million Electric Vehicle Charging Stations throughout our Communities, their concerns and questions were held merit and deserved an "honest" response.

We reviewed previous research information and conducted additional research of the safety system(s) incorporated into the Charging Stations by the EVSE Manufacturers to protect against electrical shock or exposure. We again reviewed the installation guidelines and specifications published by the various manufacturers and consulted with Electrical Engineers regarding the installation methodology.

We noted that the only protection provided or specified outside safety systems engineered and designed into Charging Stations, is the "Circuit Breaker" that provides the power to the Charging Station. In addition, we considered other installation methodologies utilizing bollards and other physical barriers; however, ADAG requires access, and as such, EV Charging Stations will be as vulnerable as gas station pumps are.

The conventional Circuit Breaker used to protect the circuit or feed that provides power to the Charging Station only responds to overloads and short circuits that occur along the feed. To determine if adequate protection is being provided, we considered the likelihood that Charging Stations will be installed in public and private parking lots, parking garages, along public streets, and in other areas where vehicular and pedestrian traffic is prevalent; we also considered the risks associated with vehicular collision and vandalism, as these high voltage appliances are highly visible elements in our Communities.

Q: So, what happens if a Charging Station is run over or struck by a vehicle or piece of equipment or is vandalized such that the Station is displaced or severely damaged? What is the potential for exposure of the high voltage power feed?


A: Under some scenarios we determined that the high voltage power feed may come in contact with the Charging Station housing, causing a short circuit or arc, which would cause the Circuit Breaker to trip and disconnect power to that feed. Other scenarios insist that there is a possibility, that the high voltage feed to the Charging Station may not come in contact with the Charging Station housing or have any condition that would create an arc or short circuit, before coming in contact with a vehicle or person. If an "over-load" or "short-circuit" does not occur, the live feed (240 Volt for Level II Charging Stations & 480 Volt for Level III Charging Stations) presents a serious and very dangerous safety hazard; electrocution/shock and even explosion of a vehicle (gas or electric powered) could occur as a result. In our opinion this equipment is’ ‘inherently dangerous" and believe more protection is necessary to prevent either scenario from causing severe injury or death. There is a critical need for improvement in safety of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations and in the installation methodologies and specifications recommended by the manufacturers.

Giving consideration to the high voltage used to power Electric Vehicle Charging Stations, readily available access in public places, and the lack of adequate security, other concerns relating to the potential for Vandalism and Terroristic Acts should also be given serious thought.

There is also an urgent need for all First Responders (Firefighters, EMS, Police, and others) are trained to properly respond to "catastrophic accidents" involving EV Charging Stations. We have advised Fire Chiefs in Kentucky, North Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Texas, California, and Hawaii of the inherent dangers associated with Electric Vehicle Charging Stations where deployed in public places; we have verified that the Fire Departments and other First Responders have not been educated about these high voltage appliances and are not prepared to respond to a catastrophic accident involving one of these devices.

We notified Safety Administrators, Government Agencies, and Regulatory Entities about the safety hazards presented by the presence of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations throughout our communities, and took the following action in our effort to improve safety where EV Chargers are concerned.

We contacted the NFPA and have shared this information with them. The NFPA responded and advised that Fire Chiefs and others involved in fire service and safety, from numerous States, have expressed their concerns with some aspects of safety as it relates to these devices. The NFPA Representative advised of their concerns and interest; this issue was addressed during their Electric Vehicle Safety Summit held September 27 -28, 2011 in Detroit, Michigan. The NFPA/SAE indicates in their "summary report" of recommendations for improvement in the safety of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations.

We contacted the manufacturers of Electric Vehicle Support Equipment regarding this issue; they could not deny the possibility of exposure of a high voltage feed occurring without the circuit breaker tripping; however, none would take this matter further and are awaiting the NFPA to make code changes.

We contacted one of the "major" Automotive Manufacturers involved in the Electric Vehicle industry, to advise them of our concerns; they were surprised that the EVSE Manufacturers had not given consideration to this potentially hazardous condition and expressed their concerns as they have invested billions of dollars in this industry.

We filed a complaint with the Federal Department of Energy, Inspector Generals' Office; advised them of our concerns with the safety of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations in the event a station is hit, run over, or damaged such that live power feeds are exposed. A Special Investigator from the D.O.E Inspector Generals' Office has responded to our complaint, advised that the D.O.E has determined that they have "buy-in" with respect to the safety of these devices, and are taking action by conducting a thorough investigation.

We notified the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration of this issue; the NHTSA has opened a case for investigation.

Because of the lack of movement and available training for our First Responders, we created a safety training program: "Electric Vehicle Safety Training for First Responders", to prepare Firefighters, Emergency Medical Staff, and other First Responders for catastrophic accidents and incidents involving Electric Vehicle Charging Stations. Our training program is available in two formats; a "Classroom" Course and "E-Learning" Course, both catering specifically to First Responders. Our training courses have been reviewed and approved by the Georgia Firefighter Standards and Training Council and by the Florida State Fire College.

We are hopeful that your Agency gives careful consideration to the facts presented in this letter and take necessary steps to ensure for the safety and welfare of your citizens. We have State Senators, Fire Chief, Union President State Officials and City Officials endorsing our Training program and we hope you do also. Please give us a call to discuss our training program; we look forward to speaking with you soon.

Thank you,
James Maddox, Co-Founder I Co-Owner
502-774-0222 tel: 502-774-0222
Email us: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Visit our web site: www.chargingmyev.com

CHLORINE INSTITUTE "C" KITS

As a result of a first responders’ petition, The Chlorine Institute is now conducting a study comparing The Chlorine Institute “C” Kit to secondary containment.

Chemical companies are now claiming that first responders are always trained:

  1. That it is always imperative to check the internal pressure of the tank car prior to deploying the C-Kit.
  2. On the equipment necessary to conduct a pressure test on the car.
  3. How to conduct a pressure test on the car and what to look for.
  4. How to distinguish between a properly relieving pressure relief device (PRD) and an improperly relieving pressure relief device.
  5. Are warned that capping and disabling the PRD could cause the catastrophic failure of the car.
  6. If the PRD is capped and disabled, regular monitoring of the car's internal pressure must be established.

There are more than 5,000 Chlorine Institute Emergency “C” Kits in the hands of first responders.

Tens of thousands of first responders rely on the instructions contained within The Chlorine Institute Emergency Kit “C” Instruction Booklet for Chlorine Tank Cars and Tank Trucks. The instruction booklet fails to address any of the above claims and provides no such information.

The C-Kit concept requires proper training of tens of thousands of first responders.

The secondary containment concept requires no first response or training.

To post a comment, please go to First Responders’ Petition at www.petitionckit.com

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Our Goals

The Fire Fighter Cancer Foundation will promote knowledge, awareness, and advocacy for the fire fighter diagnosed with cancer. The foundation will continue to support active and retired fire fighters by promoting occupation specific cancer screening and wellness testing. We are seeking volunteers, medical and fire service advisers, benefactors, and partnership with organizations of similar goals.

We are here to: S.P.E.A.R.

Support Offer emotional support and social assistance for fire fighters and family members battling cancer.

Promote Encourage health and well being by endorsing annual occupation specific cancer screenings and wellness testing.

• Educate – Provide resource information to assist the fire fighter diagnosed with cancer to better understand their disease. Partner with other international cancer organizations to offer education and awareness programs.

Assist – Establish a national prescription assistance program for fire fighters diagnosed with cancer. Provide our members enduring chemotherapy with a home air purification unit to help them remain healthy during treatment. Effect improved communication among retired fire fighters.

Research – Identify leaders in medicine and science who can offer treatment options. Educate national and regional elected officials to advance national fire fighter cancer studies.

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